LiLa: Linking Latin

Building a Knowledge Base of Linguistic Resources for Latin


Linking Latin

Despite the headway made in the last decade in building, sharing and exploiting linguistic resources and tools for the automatic processing of Latin, these remain incompatible.

The objective of LiLa (2018-2023) is to connect and ultimately exploit the wealth of linguistic resources and NLP tools for Latin created so far, in order to bridge the gap between raw language data, NLP and knowledge descriptions. To do so, LiLa is building an open-ended Knowledge Base using the Linked Data paradigm, concurrently adding Latin to the multilingual Linguistic Linked Open Data (LLOD) cloud.

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The LiLa Knowledge Base

You can explore the LiLa Knowledge Base in one of three ways


For users familiar with the SPARQL query language

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Lemma Bank
Query Interface

A friendly application to access the LiLa Lemma Bank

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LiLa Interactive Search Platform

A friendly application to query the LiLa Knowledge Base

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The LiLa team covers a range of expertise, including Computational Linguistics, Latin Linguistics, Natural Language Processing, Classical Philology and Humanities Computing

Marco Passarotti

Principal Investigator, Professor

Computational Linguist. Co-founder and Director of the CIRCSE Research Centre. Head of the Index Thomisticus Treebank project.

Eleonora Litta


Linguist responsible for Word Formation Latin and the evaluation and extension of the Latin VALLEX.

Francesco Mambrini


Classical Philologist specialising in NLP and Linked Open Data. Works on the ontology behind the LiLa Knowledge Base.

Flavio M. Cecchini

Postdoctoral Researcher

Mathematician specialising in Linguistics and NLP. Works on LEMLAT and the Universal Dependencies version of the Index Thomisticus Treebank.

Giulia Pedonese

Postdoctoral Researcher

Classical and Italian Philologist specialising in lexicography. Works on the refinement and extension of the Latin WordNet.

Matteo Pellegrini

Postdoctoral Researcher

Linguist working on Word Formation Latin and on the representation of morphosyntactic features in the LiLa knowledge base.

Federica Iurescia

Postdoctoral Researcher

Classical Philologist specialising in NLP and LOD.
Works on linking lexical and textual resources to the LiLa knowledge base and on syntactic annotation according to the Universal Dependencies framework.

Giovanni Moretti

Computer Scientist

Software developer, expert in NLP, data analysis and visualisation.

Paolo Ruffolo

Computer Engineer

NLP specialist, data manager and system administrator. Works on LEMLAT.

Rachele Sprugnoli

Researcher at Parma University

Computational Linguist and Digital Humanist. Works on NLP for Latin and on the LiLa Knowledge Base.

Marinella Testori


Lexicologist and linguistic annotator. Works on the Index Thomisticus Treebank, on morphological tagging and lemmatization of Latin texts, and on the sentiment lexicon LatinAffectus

Aldo Frigerio

Collaborator, Professor

Semanticist and philosopher of language.

Savina Raynaud

Collaborator, Professor

Former Director of CIRCSE and philosopher of language.

Claudia Corbetta

Student Assistant

Linguist specialising in Computational Linguistics and NLP applied to diachronic varieties. Works on derivational morphology of Medieval Latin in LiLa, LEMLAT and Word Formation Latin.

Ginevra Martinelli

Student Assistant

Master’s student in Classics. Works on linking Lewis & Short Dictionary to Lila Knowledge Base and on the sentiment lexicon LatinAffectus. 

Martina Verdelli

Student Assistant

Linguist working on Derivational Morphology in LiLa, LEMLAT and Word Formation Latin.

Martina Giarda

Student Assistant

Master student in Linguistics, working on the linking of textual and lexical resources.

Annalisa Puligheddu

Student Assistant

Master student in Classics. Works on linking Du Cange Glossarium to Lila Knowledge Base.

Valeria Boano

Student Assistant

Master student in Classics. Works on linking the Lexicon der indogermanischen Verben (LIV) to the LiLa knowledge base.

Roberta Leotta

Postdoctoral Researcher

Classical Philologist interested in emotion studies. Works on textual data and tools for coreference resolution in Latin and collaborates on sentiments analysis project for Latin.

Former members

Former staff and collaborators

Beni Ruef

Visiting Researcher

Luca Consolin Dezotti

Visiting Researcher

Federica Gamba

Student Assistant

Greta H. Franzini

Postdoctoral Researcher

Daniela Corbetta

Student Assistant

Silvia Gola

Student Assistant

Timo Korkiakangas

Visiting Scholar from UniHelsinki, author of the Late Latin Charter Treebank (LLCT).

Marco Pappalepore

Software Engineer

Andrea Peverelli

Student Assistant

Helena Sanna

Student Assistant

Edoardo Signoroni

Student Assistant

Petar Stjepan Soldo


Viviana Ventura

Student Assistant

Federica Zampedri

Student Assistant

This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme – Grant Agreement No. 769994