LiLa: Linking Latin

Building a Knowledge Base of Linguistic Resources for Latin


Linking Latin

Despite the headway made in the last decade in building, sharing and exploiting linguistic resources and tools for the automatic processing of Latin, these remain incompatible.

The objective of LiLa (2018-2023) is to connect and ultimately exploit the wealth of linguistic resources and NLP tools for Latin created so far, in order to bridge the gap between raw language data, NLP and knowledge descriptions. To do so, LiLa is building an open-ended Knowledge Base using the Linked Data paradigm, concurrently adding Latin to the multilingual Linguistic Linked Open Data (LLOD) cloud.

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The LiLa Knowledge Base

You can explore the LiLa Knowledge Base in one of two ways


For users familiar with the SPARQL query language

Take me there

Query Interface

A friendly application for all users

Take me there


The LiLa team covers a range of expertise, including Computational Linguistics, Latin Linguistics, Natural Language Processing, Classical Philology and Humanities Computing

Marco Passarotti

Principal Investigator, Professor

Computational Linguist. Co-founder and Director of the CIRCSE Research Centre. Head of the Index Thomisticus Treebank project.

Eleonora Litta


Linguist responsible for Word Formation Latin and the evaluation and extension of the Latin VALLEX.

Francesco Mambrini


Classical Philologist specialising in NLP and Linked Open Data. Works on the ontology behind the LiLa Knowledge Base.

Flavio M. Cecchini

Postdoctoral Researcher

Mathematician specialising in Linguistics and NLP. Works on LEMLAT and the Universal Dependencies version of the Index Thomisticus Treebank.

Greta H. Franzini

Postdoctoral Researcher

Classicist responsible for the evaluation, extension and graph rendition of the Latin WordNet. Greta is also responsible for the LiLa website.

Rachele Sprugnoli

Postdoctoral Researcher

Computational Linguist and Digital Humanist. Works on NLP for Latin and on the LiLa Knowledge Base.

Paolo Ruffolo

Computer Engineer

NLP specialist, data manager and system administrator. Works on LEMLAT.

Giovanni Moretti

Computer Scientist

Software developer, expert in NLP, data analysis and visualisation.

Marinella Testori


Lexicologist and linguistic annotator. Works on the Index Thomisticus Treebank project.

Silvia Gola

Collaborator, Intern

MA Student in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics. Collaborates on modelling tagsets for Latin PoS-tagging using ontologies.

Andrea Peverelli

Collaborator, Intern

Modern philology and semantics graduate. Collaborates on the evaluation and extension of the Latin WordNet.

Petar Stjepan Soldo


MA Student in Classical Philology, University of Zagreb. Collaborates on adding CroALa to the LiLa Knowledge Base.

Savina Raynaud

Collaborator, Professor

Former Director of CIRCSE and philosopher of language.

Aldo Frigerio

Collaborator, Professor

Semanticist and philosopher of language.

Federica Zampedri

Collaborator, Intern

MA Student in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics. Collaborates on the creation of a linguistic resource of Ancient Greek loanwords in Latin.

Former members

Former staff and collaborators

Daniela Corbetta

Student Assistant

Timo Korkiakangas

Visiting Scholar from UniHelsinki, author of the Late Latin Charter Treebank (LLCT).

Marco Pappalepore

Software Engineer

Helena Sanna

Student Assistant

Edoardo Signoroni

Student Assistant

Viviana Ventura

Student Assistant

This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme – Grant Agreement No. 769994